Read the text carefully and answer the questions 1 and 2

The ethnic people in Bangladesh hold a very important place in the culture of the country. The majority of these people live in the Chittagong Hill Tracts. The others live in the regions of Mymensingh, Rajshahi and Sylhet. They live in forest areas, in the hills and in rural areas. They practise Jhum cultivation. They clear a piece of land in the forest, prepare it and sow seeds in it. They are mostly farmers. By religion they are Hindus, Christians or Buddhists. They speak their own mother tongues. Some of them are the Chakmas, the Marmas, the Tipperas and the Moorangs who live in the Hill Tracts. The Santals live in Rajshahi. The Khasias and the Monipuries live in Sylhet and the Hajangs and the Garos in Mymensingh.

Most of these ethnic people living in Bangladesh have some common characteristics. They have their own lifestyles. They build their houses on bamboo or wooden platforms called ‘machang’. Rice is their staple food. They eat vegetables, maize and fish, poultry and meat. Their kitchen utensils are bamboo, wooden and earthen pots which they make themselves. Men wear lungis and women wear thamis or sarongs and angis. Women weave their own clothes.

Hunting and fishing are their favourite pastimes. They are fond of songs, music, dances, theatre and fairs. Traditional musical instruments used are bugles made from buffalo horns, drums and bamboo flutes. Wrestling is a popular sport for them.

1. Choose the best answer from the alternatives.

a. Ethnic people are the in Bangladesh.

i. majority ii. largest part

iii. minority iv. greater part

b. The term ‘staple food’ means .

i. favourite food ii. rich food

iii. fast food iv. main food

c. Their kitchen utensils are made by .

i. outsiders ii. themselves

iii. foreigners iv. others

d. Hunting is favourite pastimes of the ethnic people.

i. one ii. one of the

iii. the only iv. only

e. They songs, music, dances, theater and fairs.

i. dislike ii. make

iii. sing iv. like

f. The ethnic people living in Bangladesh practise their lifestyles.

i. modern ii. own

iii. others iv. advanced

g. Their popular sport is .

i. Ha-du-du ii. cricket

iii. football iv. wrestling


Answer to the question no. 1

a. iii. minority; b. iv. main food;

c. ii. themselves; d. ii. one of the;

e. iv. like; f. ii. own; g. iv. wrestling.

2. Give short answers to the following questions.

a. What is machang?

b. What is the staple food of the ethnic people?

c. What do their men wear?

d. What are their traditional musical instruments?

Answer to the question no. 2

a. Machang is a house built on bamboo or wooden platforms.

b. Rice is the staple food of the ethnic people.

c. Their men wear lungis.

d. Their traditional musical instruments are bugles made from buffalo horns, drums and bamboo flutes.

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